Climate of India
The main part of the territory of India ( * Indian e visa) is in the sub equatorial region. The key feature of this location is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings rains to India. They intensify in early June on the western coast and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. When moving over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move around in a northwest direction.
Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a speed of 5-7 m/s, causing heavy rain. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the hills in June. Yet later they calm down, and through the period from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sun-drenched.
Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can separate the calendar year in to 3 primary weather seasons.
In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually increases.The dry period can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity increases. And also the weather condition of Indian plains becomes rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon period. It is a time of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. However the rains end.
There are actually differences in temperature as well as weather in several areas of India. The country covers a big region, and every region has another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall each year. It is among the wettest locations on Earth.
The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. Yet even great heat are tolerated quite easily since air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, doesn’t surpass 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and turn the horizon a dirty yellow.
The onset of the monsoon in June commences with the increased wind and cloud cover. The time lasts until September. During most times of the month, it rains frequently and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.
In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate will depend on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the climate of India varies depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan weather to other parts of India. These hills are really high and have a unique weather.
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